The Legality of Bitcoin in Different Countries

Bitcoin, the first decentralized digital currency, has seen phenomenal growth in popularity over the past few years. The question of whether or not it is actually lawful remains open in many nations. Bitcoin has been met with mixed reactions from governments around the world. The legality of Bitcoin and the rules surrounding its use will be discussed in this article.

1. Introduction

Since its establishment in 2009, Bitcoin has become more popular as the first decentralized digital money in the world. Bitcoin’s legitimacy, however, varies widely from one nation to the next. It has been widely accepted in some nations while strictly prohibited in others. This article will investigate whether or not Bitcoin is sanctioned in various nations.

1.1. What is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is a digital money without a central bank or single administrator, and it was first released in 2009. There are no intermediaries involved in the transactions, hence no banks are needed. You can use Bitcoin to buy Expedia hotel rooms, Overstock furnishings, and Xbox games. However, most of the excitement surrounds the possibility of becoming wealthy through trading it. In 2017, the price of a bitcoin increased by thousands.

1.2. History of Bitcoin

In 2009, a mysterious individual or group operating under the alias Satoshi Nakamoto developed Bitcoin. It’s a digital money that doesn’t rely on a central bank and can be transferred directly between users. Satoshi Nakamoto transferred 10 Bitcoins to a programmer called Hal Finney in the first Bitcoin transaction in January 2009. Since then, the value of Bitcoin has increased, making it a viable option for online purchases, charitable contributions, and even some investment opportunities. While some nations have outright banned the use of virtual currencies, others have accepted them as legal tender.

1.3. Global Popularity of Bitcoin

The use of Bitcoin, the world’s first decentralized digital money, has exploded in recent years. It has come a long way since its 2009 inception, and its market value has grown dramatically. Bitcoin’s success stems from the fact that its network is completely decentralized, giving it an invulnerable and open currency. Bitcoin is a popular option for those who wish to send money internationally without going via a financial institution because transactions are instant, inexpensive, and irreversible. As a result, Bitcoin is now widely accepted and even recognized as a legitimate means of payment in several nations throughout the world.

1.4. Why is the Legality of Bitcoin Important?

Bitcoin’s legality is a major factor in determining how widely it will be used. Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency, which means it is not backed by any central bank or government. As a result, its legitimacy as a method of payment is not universally acknowledged, and its legal standing differs from country to country. This article will discuss Bitcoin’s legal status around the world, its significance, and its ramifications for users and investors.

2.1. Canada

When compared to other countries, Canada has some of the most Bitcoin-friendly policies. The Canadian government has not made Bitcoin official legal cash, but it has also not placed any limits on its use. In fact, the anti-money-laundering and counter-terrorist financing legislation of the country apply to Bitcoin. Bitcoin is considered a taxable commodity by the Canada Revenue Agency as well. Canada’s generally positive legislative stance toward Bitcoin makes it an attractive location for Bitcoin businesses and investors.

2.2. United States of America

Bitcoin’s legal standing in the United States of America is murky. Although Bitcoin is recognized by the government and can be used in some transactions, it is not treated as legal cash. This means that stores are under no obligation to accept Bitcoin, and customers who buy with Bitcoin may have to pay additional taxes. The government has also taken measures to regulate Bitcoin exchanges and has outlawed the currency’s usage in unlawful transactions like money laundering or the purchase of contraband. While Bitcoin’s legal status is not now considered unlawful in the United States, it is still unclear and could change in the future.

2.3. Mexico

The present Bitcoin legal position in Mexico is unclear. Although a plan to control virtual currencies like Bitcoin was introduced by the Mexican government in March 2018, it has not yet become legislation. Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are not illegal in Mexico, but the country also lacks any formal legislation or norms pertaining to their use. Although it has issued warnings about the dangers of cryptocurrency, the Bank of Mexico has not outright outlawed it. In sum, Bitcoin’s current legal status in Mexico is fluid as the government continues to weigh laws.

3.1. United Kingdom

Bitcoin is liable to VAT in the UK since it is viewed as “private money” by the government. The UK government has been looking into the pros and cons of digital currencies in order to decide whether or not to establish some sort of legal framework for them. However, Bitcoin and other digital currencies are not governed by any laws or regulations in the country at this time.

3.2. Germany

When it comes to Bitcoin’s legal standing, Germany is one of Europe’s more advanced countries. German law now governs Bitcoin due to its 2013 classification as a financial instrument by the German Federal Financial Supervisory Authority (BaFin). This categorization has helped to create a robust Bitcoin ecosystem in Germany by providing some legal certainty for Bitcoin-related activity. Germany has also been an international pioneer in blockchain innovation thanks to its many cutting-edge tech firms and academic research centers.

3.3. France

One European nation that has approached Bitcoin with caution is France. Bitcoin is not recognized as legal tender in France, and all Bitcoin transactions are subject to French taxation, according to a declaration published by the French government in 2014. The government has said that Bitcoin use and trading are legal as long as users and traders adhere to the law. France’s financial watchdog is now requiring cryptocurrency exchanges and custodians to obtain licenses under new legislation passed in 2019. Although Bitcoin’s legal standing in France is still unclear, the government has shown its openness to collaborate with the cryptocurrency industry to craft appropriate regulations.

3.4. Netherlands

Bitcoin’s standing in Dutch law is relatively clear. Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies fall under the purview of the Dutch Financial Supervision Act as “virtual currencies,” as defined by the Dutch government. Businesses that deal with cryptocurrencies, such as exchanges, are now need to register with the Dutch Central Bank and adhere to AML and CTF rules. Furthermore, Bitcoin miners and traders are subject to Dutch tax regulations because Bitcoin is considered property in the country. The government of the Netherlands is supportive of blockchain technology and cryptocurrency innovation, and the country as a whole takes a lenient posture toward Bitcoin.

3.5. Switzerland

The development of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technologies both found a home in Switzerland. The country has a generally optimistic view of Bitcoin and other digital currencies, and several companies and startups are actively involved in the sector. In truth, FINMA, Switzerland’s financial authority, has taken a somewhat liberal stance toward crypto-assets. ICOs (Initial Coin Offerings) have become a common method for entrepreneurs to obtain capital, thus in February of 2018, FINMA established guidelines for organizations that want to conduct ICOs. The purpose of the rules is to safeguard investors while encouraging innovation in the ICO market in Switzerland. Switzerland has a clear legal status for Bitcoin, making it one of the most Bitcoin-friendly countries in Europe.

4.1. Japan

In April 2017, Japan officially acknowledged Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies as legitimate methods of payment. Virtual currencies are now recognized as a subset of prepaid payment instruments thanks to an amendment to the Payment Services Act. Exchanges in Japan for virtual currencies must now register with the Financial Services Agency and adhere to AML rules. When it comes to accepting Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies as payment, Japan is widely regarded as one of the most user-friendly countries in the world.

4.2. China

Bitcoin is met with ambivalence in China. The government may have outlawed ICOs and closed cryptocurrency exchanges, but Bitcoin itself is still legal. Although there have been rumors of a crackdown on Bitcoin mining businesses, Bitcoin ownership and trading are still legal for individuals. The government has indicated that it is considering creating its own digital currency to compete with Bitcoin. Although Bitcoin is not explicitly prohibited in China at this time, its legal standing is still fluid.

4.3. South Korea

When it comes to Bitcoin and similar cryptocurrencies, South Korea is among the world’s most active regions. These digital assets are lawful to acquire, sell, and exchange; but, the government has adopted a rather strong stance on the matter of regulation. Some of the world’s major cryptocurrency exchanges can be found in South Korea. In any case, the government has enforced stringent restrictions to stop things like money laundering. Concerned about fraud and scams, the South Korean authorities outlawed ICOs in September of 2017. Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies continue to be widely used in South Korea, and the government has even hinted at considering the legalization of initial coin offerings (ICOs).

4.4. India

Bitcoin’s official status in India is unclear. The Reserve Bank of India has banned banks from conducting any kind of business with cryptocurrencies and has issued public warnings about the dangers of doing so. Nonetheless, Bitcoin ownership and trading are not outlawed completely. The Indian government has formed a committee to investigate the state of the virtual currency market and its effect on the economy. Bitcoin enthusiasts in India are still engaged in B2B and B2C trading on local exchanges.

5.1. Australia

Australia, which boasts one of Oceania’s largest economies, has a legislative framework that is receptive to bitcoin. Bitcoin is a legal currency in Australia, and transactions using the cryptocurrency are governed by the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC). The double taxation of bitcoin was eliminated by the Australian government in 2017, making it a more attractive payment option for businesses. The Australian Taxation Office (ATO) has issued instructions for reporting bitcoin transactions for tax purposes. Bitcoin enjoys a favorable legal standing in Australia, creating a secure setting in which businesses and individuals can adopt the currency as a means of payment.

5.2. New Zealand

When it comes to Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, New Zealand is one of the Oceanian nations that has taken a positive attitude. The Inland Revenue Department (IRD) of the country released regulations in 2019 for taxing cryptocurrencies. To paraphrase the standards, any cryptocurrency-related revenue is taxable, while any cryptocurrency-related expenses are deductible. Cryptocurrency businesses in New Zealand are subject to the country’s stringent AML/CFT regulations, which aim to prevent the laundering of funds for criminal purposes and the funding of terrorism. Financial Markets Authority registration and AML/CFT compliance are prerequisites for operating a cryptocurrency exchange. New Zealand’s legal stance on Bitcoin is generally positive, offering users of Bitcoin in the country greater clarity and certainty.

6. Conclusion

In sum, Bitcoin’s legality varies widely from one country to the next. It has been accepted by some as a legal currency while prohibited by others. Some nations have not yet taken a firm stance on the issue. Before making any Bitcoin transactions, individuals should familiarize themselves with the relevant laws and regulations in their home countries. It will be interesting to observe how countries adapt and control this decentralized form of currency as Bitcoin’s popularity and use continue to rise.

6.3. The Role of Governments in Bitcoin Regulation

Bitcoin’s legitimacy, in a nutshell, is all over the map. Some countries have welcomed the technology with open arms, while others have either openly outlawed it or failed to develop clear norms to ensure the safety of its users. Businesses and consumers should familiarize themselves with Bitcoin laws and regulations in their countries, and governments should keep an eye on the cryptocurrency’s development and adjust their policies accordingly.


Bitcoin’s legitimacy, in a nutshell, is all over the map. While it has been widely accepted in some countries, it is illegal in others. Before investing in or accepting Bitcoin as payment, individuals and companies should familiarize themselves with local Bitcoin regulations.